ACT English Practice - 61 - online test

Determine whether the underlined portion of the sentence below is correct or whether it needs to be revised.
Firefighters and police officers risk their lives often by stepping into the way of danger physically; therefore, professionals such as doctors and lawyers have an equally significant impact on individuals’ lives medically and legally.

therefore

but

nevertheless

as a result

and

The first clause (everything before the semi colon) definitely does not cause what is explained in the second clause (everything after the semi colon), so “therefore” is an inappropriate transition. This sentence is presenting contrasting professions (firefighter/police officer and doctor/lawyer) since two are viewed as blue-collar (working class) and the others are white-collar (professional); therefore, a contrasting conjunction is needed. Choice A (“therefore”), choice D (“as a result”) and choice E (“and”) do not present contrasting conjunctions. In this sentence “but” is not your best option for a conjunction. A semi-colon is used, so the three simple conjunctions (and/but/yet/etc.) are not as appropriate as the complex conjunctions (therefore/however/nevertheless/etc.). If just a comma was used, then “but” would have been appropriate (i.e. “...into the way of danger physically, but professionals such as doctors...”). So now it’s down to “nevertheless.” Choice C is your best answer.

In many cultures they consider fish eggs a delicacy.

In many cultures they consider fish eggs a delicacy.

In many cultures fish eggs are considered a delicacy.

In many cultures a delicacy is considered to be fish eggs.

Fish eggs, a delicacy in many cultures.

They consider fish eggs to be a delicacy in many cultures.

The correct answer is B (A is tempting, but the pronoun “they” is vague. E has the same vague pronoun problem. C is just weird all over. D is a fragment.)

Sports are a significant part of life for people all across the world, as was demonstrated in 2006 when billions of people came together to be involved with the World Cup either through playing, watching or thru advertising.

World Cup either through playing, watching or thru advertising.

world cup either through playing, watching or thru advertising.

World Cup either through playing, watching or through advertising.

World Cup either through playing, watching or advertising.

World Cup either through playing, watching or advertising for it.

This sentence tests your knowledge of capitalization and awareness of parallelism. The original sentence is incorrect because choice A destroys the parallelism (i.e. thru advertising instead of simply “advertising”) and uses the informal spelling of through (i.e. “thru”). Only choices D and E correct the parallelism error; however, the list should strictly contain gerunds in order to be parallel, so “advertising for it” is not the best choice. By ending with “for it” the author is also implying that one may “play for it” and “watch for it,” and although one may play for the World Cup through a grammar stretch, one cannot possibly “watch for it” and do the same thing as one who simply “watches it.” Choice D uses the appropriate capitalization (because the World Cup is a major sports event it is a proper noun that must be capitalized) and maintains strict parallelism in the concluding list of ways to be involved.

The argument between Paarin and me about the dent in his car continued until the early morning.

between Paarin and me about the dent in his car continued

between Paarin and I about the dent in his car continued

about the dent in his car continued for Paarin and I

on the dent in his car between Paarin and me continued

between Paarin and I on the dent in his car continued

The correct answer is A (B, C, and E all have pronoun case errors: when the pronoun is the object of a preposition like “between,” you need to use the objective case. D is awkward, especially in its misused idiom: “argument on.”)

During the summer many students go away to summer camps that teach them skills about camaraderie, perseverance and integrity.

summer many students go away to summer camps that teach them skills about camaraderie, perseverance and integrity.

Summer many students go away to summer camps that teach them skills about camaraderie, perseverance and integrity.

summer many students go away to camps that teach them skills about camaraderie, perseverance and integrity.

summer many students go away to summer camps that teach them skills about camaraderie, perseverance and maintaining integrity.

Summer many students go away to camps that teach them skills about camaraderie, perseverance and integrity.

Only choice C corrects the redundancy error in this sentence of writing “...summer camps...” after already stating that this event occurs “During the summer...” Choice A, B and D suffer such redundancy. Choice D also breaks the list’s parallelism (values such as camaraderie and perseverance that should be followed simply by “integrity”). Choice C and E remain, but choice E makes the same mistake of choice B by capitalizing a season. Although it may look better, seasons are NOT supposed to be capitalized unless they appear in a title or a proper noun.

A consummate gentleman, Stefan's etiquette and social grace was unmatched.

Stefan's etiquette and social grace was unmatched.

Stefan's etiquette and social grace were unmatched.

Stefan's etiquette as well as his social grace were unmatched.

Stefan possessed unmatched etiquette and social grace.

Stefan's social grace was matched only by his etiquette.

The correct answer is D (A, B, C, and E are all dangling modifiers. A has a verb agreement problem, too.)

In countries such as China the government is recognizing the advantages of a capitalist market rather than communism and adjust economic policy accordingly.

capitalist market rather than communism and adjust

capitalist market rather than Communism and adjust

capitalist market rather than a communist market and adjust

capitalist market rather than a communist market and adjusting

Capitalistic market nor a Communist market and adjusting

The problem with this sentence is in parallel structure. The test is very particular about being consistent about the forms of words used. So specifically since the sentence refers to a capitalist market, then the sentence must refer to a communist market—not communism, which is an ideology rather than a market system in this context. Only choices B, D and E remain. Choice E commits terrible capitalization (neither “capitalist” nor “communist”) mistakes and structure errors (where does the “nor” fit in?! It does not!) Only choice B and choice D remain now, but B mistakenly capitalizes communism and does not change “adjust” to match the parallel verb (i.e. recognizing). Choice D uses the right adjective forms of capitalism and communism, does not make capitalization errors and maintains parallel sentence structure.

Most of my favorite movies contain slapstick humor, however physical comedy is not the only way to make me laugh.

slapstick humor, however physical comedy is not

slapstick humor, but physical comedy is not

slapstick humor, and physical comedy is not

slapstick humor; physical comedy is not

slapstick humor, but it is not physical comedy that is

The correct answer is B (A is a run-on: “however” is NOT a conjunction. C and D are missing contrast. E is not at all concise.)

Learning a new language can be difficult for people after one reaches a certain age; abilities needed to retain and apply new linguistic information deteriorate with time.

after one reaches a certain age

after they reach a certain age

after they reaches certain ages

after it reaches a certain age

after you reach a certain age

The underlined portion of this sentence is wrong because the sentence refers to people in general. Because a plural third person form of a pronoun is needed (because of the reference to “people”), “one” ,“it”, and “you” are all inappropriate responses. Choice A, D and E are all incorrect. Choice B is better than choice C because of the implied logic. People can reach a defined age; it is odd to say that multiple people are simultaneously reaching multiple ages—what is certain then? It’s almost an oxymoron to say certain ages in this context, although it is perfectly fine in other situations (i.e. This board game is only for people of certain ages). Yet the more defining difference is the singular verb form of choice C (i.e. reaches) mistakenly in place of the plural verb form of choice B (i.e. reach). Choice B is the best answer.

A growing technology trend is to merge multiple devices with complimentary functions such as a phone, music player and the scheduling features of a planner.

the scheduling features of a planner.

and a planner with scheduling features.

and scheduling features.

scheduling features.

a planner.

Choice E is correct. The sentence is incorrect because it does not follow parallelism. A list that begins by naming devices (i.e. phone, music player) must continue and finish in that way. Although it is informative to include the details about a planner's features, it should be accompanied by the features of a phone and a music player if that is the way the sentence is being written. Therefore, choices A, B, C and D are incorrect. Choice B and C even add “and” again making the sentence read “...music player and and...” which is clearly wrong! Be careful; the test wants to catch you off guard. Only choice E is direct and maintains parallelism.