ACT English Practice - 62 - online test

Jewelry is an accessory used by members of all classes including watches, necklaces and earrings.

Jewelry is an accessory used by members of all classes including watches, necklaces and earrings.

Jewelry, including watches, necklaces and earrings, is an accessory used by members of all classes.

Jewelry, including watches, necklaces and earrings, are an accessory used by members of all classes.

Jewelry is accessorized by members of all classes including watches, necklaces and earrings.

Jewelry is an accessory used by members of all classes which includes watches, necklaces and wearing earrings.

The problem with this sentence is the misplacement of the clause that describes jewelry. By placing “...including watches, necklaces, and earrings.” after “classes” the reader gets the impression that the classes involves different types of jewelry. By moving the clause, choice B and choice C improve the sentence. However, choice C commits the error of using a plural form of “to be” (i.e. are) to refer to a collective noun like jewelry that demands a singular verb (i.e. is). Only choice B places the clause correctly after “jewelry” and ensures that the verb agrees with the subject.

There are many reasons to see I Heart Huckabees, Jason Schwartzman's performance being one reason.

Huckabees, Jason Schwartzman's performance being one reason.

Huckabees, Jason Schwartzman's performance is only one of them.

Huckabees; Jason Schwartzman's performance, for one.

Huckabees, the performance of Jason Schwartzman is one of them.

Huckabees, including Jason Schwartzman's performance.

The correct answer is E (A has “being” and is redundant to boot. B and D are run-ons. C is semicolon misuse: the semicolon is not followed by an independent clause.)

Fraternities are a great way to make friends and learn important lessons of loyalty and compassion.

are a great way to make friends and

is a great way to make friends and

will have been a great way to make friends and

will be a great way to make friends and

is a great way to make friends however

The original sentence is correct as written. There is no need to change the verb form or tense. Choice A is correct.

Lindsey knows that the reason people dislike her is because of her being a Philadelphia Phillies fan.

is because of her being a

is because she is a

is that she is a

is her being a

is that of her being a

The correct answer is C (A, D, and E all use “being” incorrectly. B is redundant and therefore not concise: you don’t need to say “the reason” and “because,” one or the other will do.)

Sports commentators often provide informative and witty insight during games that enhance the sports-watching experience.

enhance the sports-watching experience.

enhance the experience.

enhances the sports-watching experience.

enhances the sports-watching experience for fans.

have enhanced the sports-watching experiences for fans.

The problem with this sentence is that the second action verb (i.e. enhance) needs to be singular (i.e. enhances) because this verb refers to “insight.” Some readers may believe that because there are two characteristics to the insight (i.e. informative and witty) there should be a plural form of the verb. Choice C and choice D correct this agreement error of the verb; however, choice D is wordy. Obviously fans are the ones who watch sports, so why restate this? Choice C therefore is most direct and grammatically sound.

A shockingly indelible moment, I remember exactly where I was and what I was doing when I found out that Kurt Cobain had died.

A shockingly indelible moment,

A shocking, indelible moment,

It was a shocking and indelible moment;

Shocked and indelible,

Shocking and I will never forget it,

The correct answer is C (A, B, D, and E all have dangling modifier errors, because they aren’t describing what comes after the comma. Indelible means not able to be erased; you wouldn’t say that about a person in this context.)

Since the work force is becoming increasingly competitive in light of technological advances and outsourcing, therefore, it is even more basic for students to complete high school and attain at least a bachelor’s degree.

therefore, it is even more basic for students to complete high school and attain at least a bachelor’s degree.

moreover, it is even more basic for students to complete high school and attain at least a bachelor’s degree.

but, it is even more basic for students to complete high school and attain at least a bachelor’s degree.

so it is even more basic for students to complete high school and attain at least a bachelor’s degree.

it is even more basic for students to complete high school and attain at least a bachelor’s degree.

This sentence is a run-on sentence and can be fixed with the deletion of one word: “therefore.” By beginning with a conjunction such as “Since” the sentence already has a descriptive clause in motion and just needs to be followed by a succinct (brief) statement of what the background of the first clause was describing. All of the choices except choice E use this erroneous second conjunction (i.e. therefore, moreover, but, so), so they must be eliminated. Choice E is grammatically sound.

Study the ancient fighting art of Hapkido and you will learn to avoid directly matching your strength against your opponent's.

your strength against your opponent's.

yours against your opponent.

your strength against your opponent.

your strength with your opponent.

your opponent's strength against one's own.

The correct answer is A (B doesn’t say what’s being matched with what. C, D, and E all have some sort of parallelism error.)

Plenty of high school students spend their time involved in the community by working with peers, young children and also helping senior citizens.

spend their time involved in the community by working with peers, young children and also helping senior citizens.

spend his time involved in the community by working with peers, young children and also helping senior citizens.

spend one’s time involved in the community by working with peers, young children and also helping senior citizens.d.

spend their time involved in the community by working with peers, young children and senior citizens.

spend their time involving in the community by working with peers, young children and also helping senior citizens.

By breaking the parallelism (continuity of a pattern, in this case), the underlined portion of this sentence must be changed. By simply changing “also helping senior citizens” to “senior citizens” the list is clearly discussing people in the community from various age groups. Each other choice besides D uses incorrect pronouns (i.e. his) and/or parallel structure (i.e. also helping senior citizens).

McCarthyism was an ideology and an applied pursuit that arose in the middle of the twentieth century and targeted communists in the United States state department.

McCarthyism was an ideology and an applied pursuit that arose in the middle of the twentieth century and targeted communists in the United States stat

McCarthyism was an ideology, an applied pursuit that arose in the middle of the twentieth century, targeted communists in the United States state depa

McCarthyism was an ideology and an applied pursuit that arose in the middle of the twentieth century and targeted Communists in the United States stat

McCarthyism will be an ideology and an applied pursuit that arose in the middle of the twentieth century and targeted communists in the United States

McCarthyism was an ideology and an applied pursuit that arose in the middle of the twentieth century and targeted communists in the United States Stat

Choice B complicates problems more than A by deleting certain words that turn the sentence into a run-on sentence. Choice C fails to capitalize “State Department” (it needs to be capitalized because it is a proper noun—the United States State Department, not just “a state department”). Although choice D corrects the capitalization error, it changes “was” to “will be,” which is an illogical verb tense (i.e. future) because later in the sentence it is stated that the ideology arose “in the middle of the twentieth century,” which has already passed. Choice E corrects the capitalization error and leaves the sentence as it is. Sometimes just minor changes are needed!